Air source heat pump?
Air source heat pumps absorb heat from the outside air. This heat can then be used to heat radiators, underfloor heating systems, or warm air convectors and hot water in your home. An air source heat pump extracts heat from the outside air in the same way that a fridge extracts heat from its inside. It can get heat from the air even when the temperature is as low as -15° C. Heat pumps have some impact on the environment as they need electricity to run, but the heat they extract from the ground, air, or water is constantly being renewed naturally.
The benefits of air source heat pumps
• Lower fuel bills, especially if you are replacing conventional electric heating
• Potential income through the UK government’s Renewable Heat Incentive (RHI)
• Lower home carbon emissions, depending on which fuel you are replacing
• No fuel deliveries needed
• Can heat your home as well as your water
• Minimal maintenance required
• Can be easier to install than a ground source heat pump.
Unlike gas and oil boilers, heat pumps deliver heat at lower temperatures over much longer periods. During the winter they may need to be on constantly to heat your home efficiently. You will also notice that radiators won’t feel as hot to the touch as they might do when you are using a gas or oil boiler..
How do air source heat pumps work?
Heat from the air is absorbed at low temperature into a fluid. This fluid then passes through a compressor where its temperature is increased, and transfers its higher temperature heat to the heating and hot water circuits of the house..
An air-to-water system distributes heat via your wet central heating system. Heat pumps work much more efficiently at a lower temperature than a standard boiler system would. This makes them more suitable for underfloor heating systems or larger radiators, which give out heat at lower temperatures over longer periods of time..
To tell if an air source heat pump is right for you, there are a few key questions to consider:
Do you have somewhere to put it?
You’ll need a place outside your home where a unit can be fitted to a wall or placed on the ground. It will need plenty of space around it to get a good flow of air. A sunny wall is ideal.
Is your home well insulated?
Since air source heat pumps work best when producing heat at a lower temperature than traditional boilers, it’s essential that your home is well insulated and draught-proofed for the heating system to be most efficient.
What fuel will you be replacing?
The system will pay for itself much more quickly if it’s replacing an electricity or coal heating system. Typical systems installed in the UK today are most commonly replacing Oil and LPG boilers, an air source heat pump also has a lower running cost than an old mains gas boiler.
What type of heating system will you use?
Air source heat pumps can perform better with underfloor heating systems because of the lower water temperatures required. A lot of properties using radiators will require some radiator upgrades to increase the output, this is due to the lower water temperature in the system.
Is the system intended for a new development?
Combining the installation with other building work can reduce the cost of installing the system.
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